Collection of Human Trafficking Laws

Warnath Group experts have been involved in in-depth analysis – working with governments and civil society – to improve anti-trafficking laws and associated policies and practices in countries around the world.

This collection contains laws and related material that provide the legal and institutional framework for coordinating countries’ anti-trafficking activities, investigating and convicting perpetrators, providing safety and care for victims and preventing trafficking in the first place.

Locating human trafficking laws for countries can be challenging. Individual documents are dispersed across the internet, while existing collections are partial and often allowed to fall out-of-date. In part because of the attention of the international community to the issue of human trafficking, countries regularly revise their applicable laws. We will endeavor to make this collection as complete as possible and to keep it updated. If you have information about enactment of newer versions of a country’s laws or associated material (rules, directives, guidance, etc.), we invite you to share those with us at:

The material offered on this website is for informational purposes only and may not reflect the most current legal developments. These informational materials are not intended, and must not be taken, as legal advice on any particular set of facts or circumstances.


UN Human Trafficking Law

United Nations




2000 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime

2000 Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Armed Conflict

2002 Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography


EU Human Trafficking Law

European Union




2011 Directive 2011/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims

Council of Europe Human Trafficking Law

Council of Europe




2005 Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings


European Court Human Rights

European Court of Human Rights




1950 European Convention on Human Rights (as amended in 2010)

Case of Rantsev v. Cyprus and Russia

Case of Elizabeth Kawogo v. the United Kingdom


ICC Human Trafficking Law

International Criminal Court




1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court


International Labor Organization




2014 Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention

2011 Convention 189, Domestic Workers

1999 Convention 182, Elimination of Worst Forms of Child Labor

1957 Convention 105, Abolition of Forced Labor

1930 Convention 29, Forced Labor


Afghanistan Human Trafficking Law





2017 Law to Combat Crimes of Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants (available in Persian)

2017 Decree No. 256 Penal Code


Albania Human Trafficking Law





1995 Criminal Code (as amended in 2015) (Articles 110, 128)


Algeria Human Trafficking Law





2009 Criminal Code (Section 5) (available in French)


Andorra Human Trafficking Law





2005 Criminal Code (Articles 121, 134, 152, 252) (available in French)


Angola Human Trafficking Law





2014 Law No. 3/14 (Chapter III, Articles 18-23) (available in Portuguese)

2017 Penal Code


Antigua and Barbuda Human Trafficking Law

Antigua and Barbuda




2015 The Trafficking in Persons (Prevention) (Amendment) Act

2010 Trafficking in Persons (Prevention) Act


Argentina Human Trafficking Law





2012 Law 26842 (available in Spanish)


Armenia Human Trafficking Law





2015 Law on Identification and Assistance to Victims of Human Trafficking and Exploitation (draft available)

2003 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 132, 132-2)


Aruba Human Trafficking Law





Criminal Code (as amended in 2006) (Articles 203a, 286a)

Australia Human Trafficking Law





1995 Criminal Code Part 1 and Part 2 (as amended in 2017)

2013 Crimes Legislation Amendment (Slavery, Slavery-like Conditions and People Trafficking) Act

2013 Crimes Legislation Amendment (Law Enforcement Integrity, Vulnerable Witness Protection and Other Measures) Act

2013 Migration Amendment (Reform of Employer Sanctions) Act 2013

2007 Migration Amendment (Employer Sanctions) Act 2007


Austria Human Trafficking Law





1974 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 104, 116, 217) (available in German)


Azerbaijan Human Trafficking Law





2005 Law on the Fight Against Trafficking in Persons

1999 Criminal Code (as amended in 2010) (Article 144) (available in Azerbaijani)


Bahamas Human Trafficking Law





2008 Trafficking in Persons Prevention and Suppression Act


Bahrain Human Trafficking Law





2008 Law No. 1


Bangladesh Human Trafficking Law





2012 Prevention and Suppression of Human Trafficking Act


Barbados Human Trafficking Law





2016 Trafficking in Persons Prevention Act (TIPPA)

1994 Offenses Against the Person Act (Articles 18, 20, 33 and 34)


Belarus Human Trafficking Law





1999 Criminal Code (as amended in 2013) (Article 181) (available in Russian)


Belgium Human Trafficking Law





1995 Act Containing Measures to Repress Trafficking in Persons (as amended in 2005)

2006 Law amending the Aliens Law of 15 December 1980 (Articles 61/2 to 61/15)


Belize Human Trafficking Law





2013 Commercial Exploitation of Children (Prohibition) Act

2013 Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Act


Benin Human Trafficking Law





2006 Act Relating to the Transportation of Minors and the Suppression of Child Trafficking (available in French)


Bhutan Human Trafficking Law





2004 Penal Code (Article 154, 227, 379) (amended in 2011)

2011 Child Care and Protection Act (Article 224)

2007 Labor and Employment Act


Bolivia Human Trafficking Law





2012 Law 263 (available in Spanish)


Bosnia and Herzegovina Human Trafficking Law

Bosnia and Herzegovina




2003 Criminal Code (as amended in 2016) (Articles 210a, 210b) (available in Bosnian)


Botswana Human Trafficking Law





2014 Anti-Human Trafficking Act

2009 Children’s Act


Brazil Human Trafficking Law





2016 Law 13.344 (available in Portuguese)

1940 Penal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 149, 231, 231-A) (available in Portuguese)


Brunei Human Trafficking Law

Brunei Darussalam




2004 Trafficking and Smuggling Persons Order


Bulgaria Human Trafficking Law





1968 Penal Code (as amended in 2014) (Article 159) (available in Bulgarian)

2003 Combating Trafficking in Human Beings Act


Burkina Faso Human Trafficking Law

Burkina Faso




2015 Law No. 061-2015/CNT Law on the Prevention and Repression of Violence Against Women and Girls and Support for Victims (available in French)

2014 Law No. 011-2014/AN Law Suppressing the Sale of Children, the Prostitution of Children, and Child Pornography

2008 Law No. 029/AN on the Fight against Trafficking in Persons and Similar Practices


Burma Human Trafficking Law





2005 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Law

2012 Wards and Village Tracts Administration Act

1861 Penal Code (Section 374)


Burundi Human Trafficking Law





2014 Anti-Trafficking Law (available in French)

1981 Criminal Code (as amended in 2009) (Articles 242, 243) (available in French)

1993 Labor Law (Article 2) (available in French)


Cabo Verde Human Trafficking Law

Cabo Verde




2003 Penal Code (as amended in 2015) (Articles 148, 149, 271, 271A)

2007 Labor Code (Article 14) (available in Portuguese)


Cambodia Human Trafficking Law





2008 Law on the Suppression of Human Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation


Cameroon Human Trafficking Law





2016 Penal Code (Section 432-1)  (Available in English and French; the two versions define “trafficking in persons” differently)


Canada Human Trafficking Law





1995 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Section 279.01, 279.02, 279.03)

2001 Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (as amended in 2017) (Section 118)


CAR Human Trafficking Law

Central African Republic




2010 Penal Code (Article 151)

2009 Labor Code (Articles 7,8) (available in French)


Chad Human Trafficking Law





1996 Constitution (Article 20)

1996 Labor Code (Title 5) (Available in French)

1967 Penal Code (Articles 279, 280) (2016 amendments forthcoming)


Chile Human Trafficking Law





2011 Law 20.507 (available in Spanish)

1874 Penal Code (as amended in 2017) (Article 367) (available in Spanish)


China Human Trafficking Law





1979 Criminal Code (as amended in 2007) (Articles 240, 241, 244, 358, 359)


Colombia Human Trafficking Law





2005 Law 985 (Article 141, 188, 188A, 188B) (available in Spanish)


Comoros Human Trafficking Law





2015 Law Countering Child Labor and Trafficking in Children (Article 6)

1981 Penal Code (as amended in 1995) (Articles 310, 311, 323, 333) (available in French) (2014 amendments pending)

1984 Labor Code (as amended in 2012) (Article 2) (1984 Code available in French; 2012 Amendments available in French)


DRC Human Trafficking Law

Democratic Republic of the Congo




2009 Law 09/001 Child Protection Code (available in French)

2006 Law 6/018 (Sexual Violence Statute) (available in French)


Congo Human Trafficking Law

Republic of the Congo




2015 (draft anti-trafficking legislation pending)

2010 Child Protection Code (Article 60, Chapter 2)

2002 Labor Code (Article 4)


Costa Rica Human Trafficking Law

Costa Rica




2012 Law 9095 (available in Spanish)

1970 Criminal Code (as amended in 2010) (Articles 170, 171, 172, 189) (available in Spanish)


Cote dIvoire Human Trafficking Law

Cote d’Ivoire




2016 Law No. 2016-1111 Relating to the Fight Against Trafficking in Persons (Available in French)

2010 Law No. 2010-272 Pertaining to the Prohibition of Child Trafficking and the Worst Forms of Child Labor

1981 Penal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 335, 336, 376, 378) (Available in French)


Croatia Human Trafficking Law





1997 Criminal Code (as amended in 2011) (Articles 105, 106) (Available in Croatian)


Cuba Human Trafficking Law





1987 Penal Code (as amended in 2009) (Articles 299.1, 300.1, 303, 310.1, 312.1, 316.1) [unofficial translation – source: Lawyers Without Borders UK]

2014 Labor Code (Article 116)

Curacao Human Trafficking Law





2011 Criminal Code (Article 2:239)


Cyprus Human Trafficking Law





2014 Law 60(I)


Czech Republic Human Trafficking Law

Czech Republic




2009 Criminal Code (Section 168) (amended in 2014)


Denmark Human Trafficking Law





1930 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Section 262a)


Djibouti Human Trafficking Law





2016 Law 133 On the Fight Against Trafficking in Persons and Illicit Smuggling of Migrants (available in French)

2011 Law 111 Regarding the Fight Against Terrorism and Other Serious Crimes (available in French)






2013 Act 13 Transnational Organized Crime (Prevention and Control) Act (Part III, Section 8)


Dominican Republic Human Trafficking Law

Dominican Republic




2003 Law 137-03 (available in Spanish)

2003 Law 136-03 Code for the Protection and Fundamental Rights of Children and Adolescents (Article 25) (Available in Spanish)

1884 Penal Code (as amended in 2007) (Article 334) (available in Spanish)


Ecuador Human Trafficking Law





2014 Penal Code (Articles 91, 100, 101, 102, 105) (available in Spanish)

2003 Children and Adolescents Code (Articles 69, 70, 81, 91) (available in Spanish)


Egypt Human Trafficking Law





2014 Constitution (Articles 80, 89) source Constitute

2010 Law No. 64 (Anti-Trafficking Law)

2008 Law No. 126 (Child Law)


El Salvador Human Trafficking Law

El Salvador




2014 Special Law against Trafficking in Persons (available in Spanish)

1997 Penal Code (as amended in 2017) (Article 367B) (available in Spanish)


Equatorial Guinea Human Trafficking Law

Equatorial Guinea




2004 Law on the Smuggling of Migrants and Trafficking in Persons


Eritrea Human Trafficking Law





2015 Penal Code (Articles 315, 316, 317, 318, 391)

1957 Penal Code (Articles 565, 605)

2001 Labor Proclamation 118


Estonia Human Trafficking Law





2001 Penal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 133, 175)


Ethiopia Human Trafficking Law





2015 Proclamation No. 909/2015, To Provide for the Prevention and Suppression of Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling Migrants (available in English and Amharic)

2009 Proclamation No. 632/2009 of 2009, Employment Exchange Services Proclamation (available in English and Amharic)


Fiji Human Trafficking Law





2009 Crimes Decree


Finland Human Trafficking Law





1894 Penal Code Law 1889-39 (as amended in 2015)


France Human Trafficking Law





1992 Penal Code (as amended in 2016) (Article 225-4) (available in French)


Gabon Human Trafficking Law





2004 Law 09/04 Concerning the Prevention and the Fight Against the Trafficking of Children in the Gabonese Republic (available in French) (2013 Draft Amendment pending)

1963 Penal Code (Articles 48, 261)

1994 Law 21/63-94

1994 Law 3/94 Labor Code (Title 1, Article 4) (available in French)


Gambia Human Trafficking Law

The Gambia




2007 Trafficking in Persons Act (2010 amendment)

2005 Children’s Act

2003 Tourism Offenses Act


Georgia Human Trafficking Law





2006 Law on Combating Trafficking in Persons

1999 Criminal Code (as amended in 2016) (Article 143)


Germany Human Trafficking Law





2016 Act to improve the fight against Human Trafficking and to amend the Federal Central Register Law as well as the Eighth Book of the Social Code (available in German)

1971 Penal Code (as amended in 2013) (Sections 232, 233)


Ghana Human Trafficking Law





2009 Act 784 Human Trafficking (Amendment) Act

2005 Human Trafficking Act


Greece Human Trafficking Law





2013 Law 4198/2013 (available in Greek)

2003 Presidential Decree 233/2003

2002 Law 3064/2002


Grenada Human Trafficking Law





2014 Anti-Human Trafficking Act


Guatemala Human Trafficking Law





2009 Anti-Trafficking Law (available in Spanish)


Guinea Human Trafficking Law





2016 Penal Code (Articles 323) (available in French)

2010 Child Code (Articles 385-396)


Guinea Bissau Human Trafficking Law





2011 Public Law 12/2011 (available in Portuguese)

2009 Child Code


Guyana Human Trafficking Law





2005 Combating Trafficking of Persons Act


Haiti Human Trafficking Law





2014 Law No. CL/2014-0010


Honduras Human Trafficking Law





2012 Decree 59-2012 (Anti-Trafficking Law) (available in Spanish)


Hong Kong Human Trafficking Law

Hong Kong




1971 Crimes Ordinance (as amended in 2014) (Section 129, 130, 131)

2013 Prosecution Code (Section 18.1)


Hungary Human Trafficking Law





2013 Criminal Code (Article 192, 192(3), 193, 203)


Iceland Human Trafficking Law





1940 Criminal Code (as amended in 2015) (Article 227a)


India Human Trafficking Law





1860 Penal Code (Section 370) (Criminal Law Amendment Act 2013)

2016 The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act

2015 Secluded Castes and the Secluded Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act

2015 The Juvenile Justice Act

1976 The Bonded Labor System (Abolition) Act 

1956 The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act


Indonesia Human Trafficking Law





2007 Law 21-2007 (Anti-Trafficking Law)

2014 Child Protection Law (available in Bahasa Indonesia)


Iran Human Trafficking Law





2004 Law on Combating Human Trafficking (available in Persian)


Iraq Human Trafficking Law





2012 Anti-Trafficking Law


Ireland Human Trafficking Law





2013 Criminal Law (Human Trafficking) Amendment 

2008 Criminal Law (Human Trafficking) Act

2015 Criminal Law (Sexual Offenses) Bill


Israel Human Trafficking Law





2006 Anti-Trafficking Law


Italy Human Trafficking Law





2003 Measures Against Trafficking in Persons Law


Jamaica Human Trafficking Law





2007 Trafficking in Persons (Prevention, Suppression and Punishment) Act (2013 Amendment)

2014 Criminal Justice Act


Japan Human Trafficking Law





1907 Penal Code (as amended in 2006) (Articles 226-2, 227)

1956 Prostitution Prevention Law (Articles 7, 10, 12)

1947 Labor Standards Act (as amended in 2008) (Article 5)

1947 Employment Security Law (as amended in 2007) (Article 63)

1947 Child Welfare Law (Amended 2007) (available in Japanese)


Jordan Human Trafficking Law





2009 Anti-Human Trafficking Law


Kazakhstan Human Trafficking Law





1997 Penal Code (as amended in 2016) (Articles 68, 128, 135, 125 (3b), 126 (3b), 308, 134) (available in Kazakh)


Kenya Human Trafficking Law





2010 Counter-Trafficking in Persons Act

2014 Victim Protection Act

2006 Sexual Offenses Act


KiribatiKiribati Human Trafficking Law




2008 Act to Amend The Measures to Combat Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime Act 2005

2005 Measures to Combat Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime Act


Democratic People’s Republic of Korea




No information available.


Republic of Korea Human Trafficking Law

Republic of Korea




1953 Criminal Code (as amended in 2013) (Chapter 31)

2004 Act on the Punishment of Acts of Arranging Sexual Traffic

2011 Act on the Protection of Children and Juveniles from Sexual Abuse

1997 Labor Standards Act


Kosovo Human Trafficking Law





2002 Criminal Code (Article 169, 171, 231)


Kuwait Human Trafficking Law





2013 Law 91/2013 Combating Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants

2010 New Private Sector Labour Law No. 6 (amended in 2016)


Kyrgyz Republic Human Trafficking Law

Kyrgyz Republic




1997 Criminal Code (Articles 124, 260, 261) (amended in 2016)

2012 Code on Children (Article 15)


Laos Human Trafficking Law





2015 Anti-Trafficking Law (Article 134) (available in Lao)


Latvia Human Trafficking Law





1998 Criminal Code (as amended in 2013) (Sections 154-1, 154-2)


Lebanon Human Trafficking Law





2011 Law Number 164 (Anti-Trafficking Law)


Lesotho Human Trafficking Law





2011 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act

2011 Children’s Protection and Welfare Act (Article 67)


Liberia Human Trafficking Law





2005 Act to Ban Trafficking in Persons


Libya Human Trafficking Law





1953 Penal Code (as amended in 2014) (available in Arabic)


Lithuania Human Trafficking Law





2000 Criminal Code (as amended in 2010) (Articles 147, 157)


Luxembourg Human Trafficking Law





1879 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 382-1, 382-2) (available in French)


Macau Human Trafficking Law





2008 Law Number 6/2008


Macedonia Human Trafficking Law





1996 Criminal Code (as amended in 2013) (Articles 418-a, 418-d) (available in Macedonian)


Madagascar Human Trafficking Law





2014 Law No. 2014-040 (available in French)

2007 Anti-Trafficking Law 2007-038


Malawi Human Trafficking Law





2015 Anti-Trafficking Law


Malaysia Human Trafficking Law





2007 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act (as amended in 2015)


Maldives Human Trafficking Law





2013 Prevention of Human Trafficking Act (Articles 14, 15)


Mali Human Trafficking Law





2012 Law 2012-023 Relating to the Combat against Trafficking in Persons and Similar Practices (available in French)


Malta Human Trafficking Law





1854 Criminal Code (as amended in 2016) (Article 248A-G)


Marshall Islands Human Trafficking Law

Marshall Islands




2017 Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons Act


Mauritania Human Trafficking Law





2015 Anti-Slavery Law (available in French)

2003 Law On Suppression of Trafficking in Persons No. 025


Mauritius Human Trafficking Law





2009 Combating of Trafficking in Persons Act

2008 Judicial Provisions Act

2005 Child Protection Act


Mexico Human Trafficking Law





2012 Anti-Trafficking Law (available in Spanish)


Micronesia Human Trafficking Law





2012 Anti-Trafficking Law


Moldova Human Trafficking Law





2002 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 165, 168, 206) (available in Romanian)


Mongolia Human Trafficking Law





2002 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 113, 124, 168) (available in Mongolian)


Montenegro Human Trafficking Law





2003 Criminal Code (as amended in 2004) (Article 444)


Morocco Human Trafficking Law





2016 Anti-Human Trafficking Law (Law 27.14)

1962 Penal Code (as amended in 2004) (Article 467-2, 497-499) (available in Arabic and in French)

2003 Labor Code (Article 10) (available in French)


Mozambique Human Trafficking Law





2008 Law on Preventing and Combating the Trafficking of People

2014 Penal Code


Namibia Human Trafficking Law





2015 Child Care and Protection Act

2009 Prevention of Organized Crime Act


Nepal Human Trafficking Law





2007 Human Trafficking and Transportation (Control) Act

2002 Bonded Labor (Prohibition) Act

2000 Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act

Netherlands Human Trafficking Law





1881 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Article 273f) (available in Dutch)


New Zealand Human Trafficking Law

New Zealand




1961 Crimes Act (Article 98)


Nicaragua Human Trafficking Law





2015 Law No.896 Against Human Trafficking (available in Spanish)


Niger Human Trafficking Law





2010 Order No. 2012-86 on Combating Trafficking in Persons

1961 Penal Code (as amended in 2003) (Articles 270, 293, 181) (available in French)

2012 Labor Code (available in French)


Nigeria Human Trafficking Law





2013 Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition), Enforcement and Administration Act (as amended in 2015)


Northern Ireland




2015 Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Criminal Justice and Support for Victims) Act (Northern Ireland)


Norway Human Trafficking Law





1902 Penal Code (amended 2015) (Sections 257, 258)


Oman Human Trafficking Law





2008 Royal Decree No. 126/2008 (Law Combating Trafficking in Persons)

2014 Sultani Decree No. 22/2014 Promulgating the Child Law (available in Arabic)


Pakistan Human Trafficking Law





1860 Penal Code (as amended in 2016) (Section 369A)

2002 Prevention and Control of Human Trafficking Ordinance

1992 Bonded Labor System (Abolition) Act (BLSA)


Palau Human Trafficking Law





2005 Anti-Smuggling and Trafficking Act


Panama Human Trafficking Law





2011 Law 79 (available in Spanish)

2007 Penal Code (as amended in 2015) (Articles 180, 186) (available in Spanish)


Papua New Guinea Human Trafficking Law

Papua New Guinea




2013 Criminal Code Amendment Act of 2013


Paraguay Human Trafficking Law





2012 Law 4788 Comprehensive Anti-Trafficking Law (available in Spanish)


Peru Human Trafficking Law





1991 Penal Code (as amended in 2016) (Article 153)  (available in Spanish)


Philippines Human Trafficking Law





2003 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act

2012 Expanded Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act


Poland Human Trafficking Law





1997 Criminal Code (as amended in 2016)(Articles 115.22, 115.23, 189a, 203, 204.3) (available in Polish)


Portugal Human Trafficking Law





1982 Penal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 159, 160, 169, 175) (available in Portuguese)

2003 Labor Code (as amended in 2017) (available in Portuguese)


Qatar Human Trafficking Law





2011 Anti-Trafficking Law


Romania Human Trafficking Law





2009 Criminal Code (as amended in 2012) (Article 210, 211, 367)

Russia Human Trafficking Law





1996 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 127.1, 127.2) (available in Russian)


Rwanda Human Trafficking Law





2012 Penal Code (Chapter 8)

2012 Law Relating to the Rights and Protection of the Child (article 51)


Saint Lucia Human Trafficking Law

St. Lucia




2010 Counter-Trafficking Act


St Maarten Human Trafficking Law

St. Maarten




2012 Penal Code (Articles 2:239-245)


St Vincent Grenadines Human Trafficking Law

St. Vincent and the Grenadines




2011 Prevention of Trafficking in Persons Act


Saudi Arabia Human Trafficking Law

Saudi Arabia




2009 Suppression of the Trafficking in Persons Act (Royal Decree M/40) [translation – source: Protection Project]


Scotland Human Trafficking LawScotland




2015 Human Trafficking and Exploitation Bill


Senegal Human Trafficking Law





2005 Law to Combat Trafficking in Persons and Related Practices and to Protect Victims


Serbia Human Trafficking Law





2005 Criminal Code (as amended in 2016) (Articles 388, 390) (available in Serbian)


Seychelles Human Trafficking Law





2014 Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons Act

1955 Penal Code (as amended in 2012) (Sections 259, 251)


Sierra Leone Human Trafficking Law

Sierra Leone




2005 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act

2012 Sexual Offenses Act

2007 Child Rights Act 

1956 Laws of Sierra Leone (Chapter 215)


Singapore Human Trafficking Law





2014 Prevention of Human Trafficking Act

1961 Women’s Charter (as amended in 2016) (Articles 140, 141)

Slovak Republic Human Trafficking Law

Slovak Republic




2005 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Section 179) (available in Slovak)


Slovenia Human Trafficking Law





2008 Criminal Code (as amended in 2012) (Articles 112, 113, 175) (available in Slovenian)


Solomon Islands Human Trafficking Law

Solomon Islands




2012 Immigration Act

2016 Penal Code (Amendment) (Sexual Offences) Bill (Article 143)


Somalia Human Trafficking Law





Penal Code (Articles 408 (1), 455, 457, 464)


South Africa Human Trafficking Law

South Africa




2013 Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Act

2007 Sexual Offenses Act (as amended in 2013) (2014 Amendment)

2005 Children’s Act (2016 Amendments Acts 17, 18)

1998 Prevention of Organized Crime Act (as amended in 2007)

1997 Basic Conditions of Employment Act (as amended in 2014)


South Sudan Human Trafficking Law

South Sudan




2008 Penal Code (Articles 258, 276, 278, 279, 282)

2008 Child Act


Spain Human Trafficking Law





1995 Criminal Code (as amended in 2015) (Article 177 bis) (available in Spanish)


Sri Lanka Human Trafficking Law

Sri Lanka




2005 Convention on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution Act No. 30

1883 Penal Code (as amended in 2006) (Article 360 (C), 360 (A))


Sudan Human Trafficking Law





2014 Combatting of Human Trafficking Act


Suriname Human Trafficking Law





1911 Criminal Code (as amended in 2015) (available in Dutch)


Swaziland Human Trafficking Law





2009 People Trafficking and People Smuggling (Prohibition) Act


Sweden Human Trafficking Law





2002 Anti-Trafficking Law


Switzerland Human Trafficking Law





1937 Penal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 180, 181, 182, 195, 196)


Syria Human Trafficking Law





2013 Law No. 11/2013 (available in Arabic)

2011 Decree No. 3/2011


Taiwan Human Trafficking Law





2009 Human Trafficking Prevention and Control Act


Tajikistan Human Trafficking Law





1998 Criminal Code (as amended in 2011) (Articles 130.1, 130.2, 132, 167, 241.2)


Tanzania Human Trafficking Law





2008 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act


Thailand Human Trafficking Law





2016 Beggar Control Act (available in Thai)

2008 Anti-Trafficking Law


Timor Leste Human Trafficking Law





2017 Law on Preventing and Combating Human Trafficking

2009 Penal Code (Article 163, 164)


Togo Human Trafficking Law





Penal Code (as amended in 2015) (Articles 317-320) (available in French)

2006 Labor Code (Article 4) (available in French)

2007 Child Code (available in French)

2005 Law Related to Child Trafficking (available in French)


Tonga Human Trafficking Law





2013 Counter Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime Act


Trinidad and Tobago Human Trafficking Law

Trinidad and Tobago




2011 Trafficking in Persons Act


Tunisia Human Trafficking Law





2016 Law No. 61 Relating to the Prevention and the Fight Against Human Trafficking (available in French)

1913 Penal Code (as amended in 2012) (available in French)


Turkey Human Trafficking Law





2004 Criminal Code (as amended in 2016) (Articles 80, 227(1))


Turkmenistan Human Trafficking Law





2016 Anti-Trafficking Law

1997 Criminal Code (as amended in 2016) (Article 129, 129 (1))


Uganda Human Trafficking Law





2009 Prevention of Trafficking in Persons Act

2016 Children (Amendment) Act


Ukraine Human Trafficking Law





2001 Criminal Code (as amended in 2010) (Article 149)


UAE Human Trafficking Law

United Arab Emirates




2006 Federal Law Number 51


UK Human Trafficking Law

United Kingdom




2015 Modern Slavery Act

For information on the laws of Northern Ireland and Scotland, please see the individual entries for these countries.


USA Human Trafficking Law

United States




2000 Trafficking Victims Protection Act

Reauthorized 2003     2005     2008     2013

2012 Executive Order – Strengthening Protections Against Trafficking in Persons in Federal Contracts


Uruguay Human Trafficking Law





2008 Immigration Law (Articles 78, 79, 81) (available in Spanish)

1967 Penal Code (as amended in 2014) (Articles 280, 281) (available in Spanish)

2004 Sexual Violence Law No. 17.815 (available in Spanish)

1927 Law No. 8.080 (available in Spanish)


Uzbekistan Human Trafficking Law





1994 Criminal Code  (as amended in 2002) (Article 135)


Venezuela Human Trafficking Law





2007 Law on Women’s Rights (available in Spanish)

2005 Law on Organized Crime (as amended in 2012)  (available in Spanish)


Vietnam Human Trafficking Law





1999 Penal Code (as amended in 2015) (Articles 119, 120, 150, 151)


Yemen Human Trafficking Law





1994 Penal Code (Article 248)

2002 Child Rights Law (Article 161)


Zambia Human Trafficking Law





2008 Anti-Trafficking Act


Zimbabwe Human Trafficking Law





2014 Trafficking in Persons Act

2015 Labour Relations Amendment Act

2004 Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act  (as amended in 2009)





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