Collection of Human Trafficking Laws

Warnath Group experts have been involved in in-depth analysis – working with governments and civil society – to improve anti-trafficking laws and associated policies and practices in countries around the world.

This collection contains laws and related material that provide the legal and institutional framework for coordinating countries’ anti-trafficking activities, investigating and convicting perpetrators, providing safety and care for victims and preventing trafficking in the first place.

Locating human trafficking laws for countries can be challenging. Individual documents are dispersed across the internet, while existing collections are partial and often allowed to fall out-of-date. In part because of the attention of the international community to the issue of human trafficking, countries regularly revise their applicable laws. We will endeavor to make this collection as complete as possible and to keep it updated. If you have information about enactment of newer versions of a country’s laws or associated material (rules, directives, guidance, etc.), we invite you to share those with us at: info@warnathgroup.com.

The material offered on this website is for informational purposes only and may not reflect the most current legal developments. These informational materials are not intended, and must not be taken, as legal advice on any particular set of facts or circumstances.

 

UN Human Trafficking Law

United Nations

 

 

 

2000 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime

2000 Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Armed Conflict

2002 Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography

 

EU Human Trafficking Law

European Union

 

 

 

2011 Directive 2011/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims


Council of Europe Human Trafficking Law

Council of Europe

 

 

 

2005 Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings

 

European Court Human Rights

European Court of Human Rights

 

 

 

1950 European Convention on Human Rights (as amended in 2010)

Case of Rantsev v. Cyprus and Russia

Case of Elizabeth Kawogo v. the United Kingdom

 

ICC Human Trafficking Law

International Criminal Court

 

 

 

1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

 

International Labor Organization

 

 

 

2014 Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention

2011 Convention 189, Domestic Workers

1999 Convention 182, Elimination of Worst Forms of Child Labor

1957 Convention 105, Abolition of Forced Labor

1930 Convention 29, Forced Labor

 

Afghanistan Human Trafficking Law

Afghanistan

 

 

 

2017 Law to Combat Crimes of Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants (available in Persian)

2017 Decree No. 256 Penal Code

 

Albania Human Trafficking Law

Albania

 

 

 

1995 Criminal Code (as amended in 2015) (Articles 110, 128)

 

Algeria Human Trafficking Law

Algeria

 

 

 

2009 Criminal Code (Section 5) (available in French)

 

Andorra Human Trafficking Law

Andorra

 

 

 

2005 Criminal Code (Articles 121, 134, 152, 252) (available in French)

 

Angola Human Trafficking Law

Angola

 

 

 

2014 Law No. 3/14 (Chapter III, Articles 18-23) (available in Portuguese)

2017 Penal Code

 

Antigua and Barbuda Human Trafficking Law

Antigua and Barbuda

 

 

 

2015 The Trafficking in Persons (Prevention) (Amendment) Act

2010 Trafficking in Persons (Prevention) Act

 

Argentina Human Trafficking Law

Argentina

 

 

 

2012 Law 26842 (available in Spanish)

 

Armenia Human Trafficking Law

Armenia

 

 

 

2015 Law on Identification and Assistance to Victims of Human Trafficking and Exploitation (draft available)

2003 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 132, 132-2)

 

Aruba Human Trafficking Law

Aruba

 

 

 

Criminal Code (as amended in 2006) (Articles 203a, 286a)

Australia Human Trafficking Law

Australia

 

 

 

1995 Criminal Code Part 1 and Part 2 (as amended in 2017)

2013 Crimes Legislation Amendment (Slavery, Slavery-like Conditions and People Trafficking) Act

2013 Crimes Legislation Amendment (Law Enforcement Integrity, Vulnerable Witness Protection and Other Measures) Act

2013 Migration Amendment (Reform of Employer Sanctions) Act 2013

2007 Migration Amendment (Employer Sanctions) Act 2007

 

Austria Human Trafficking Law

Austria

 

 

 

1974 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 104, 116, 217) (available in German)

 

Azerbaijan Human Trafficking Law

Azerbaijan

 

 

 

2005 Law on the Fight Against Trafficking in Persons

1999 Criminal Code (as amended in 2010) (Article 144) (available in Azerbaijani)

 

Bahamas Human Trafficking Law

Bahamas

 

 

 

2008 Trafficking in Persons Prevention and Suppression Act

 

Bahrain Human Trafficking Law

Bahrain

 

 

 

2008 Law No. 1

 

Bangladesh Human Trafficking Law

Bangladesh

 

 

 

2012 Prevention and Suppression of Human Trafficking Act

 

Barbados Human Trafficking Law

Barbados

 

 

 

2016 Trafficking in Persons Prevention Act (TIPPA)

1994 Offenses Against the Person Act (Articles 18, 20, 33 and 34)

 

Belarus Human Trafficking Law

Belarus

 

 

 

1999 Criminal Code (as amended in 2013) (Article 181) (available in Russian)

 

Belgium Human Trafficking Law

Belgium

 

 

 

1995 Act Containing Measures to Repress Trafficking in Persons (as amended in 2005)

2006 Law amending the Aliens Law of 15 December 1980 (Articles 61/2 to 61/15)

 

Belize Human Trafficking Law

Belize

 

 

 

2013 Commercial Exploitation of Children (Prohibition) Act

2013 Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Act

 

Benin Human Trafficking Law

Benin

 

 

 

2006 Act Relating to the Transportation of Minors and the Suppression of Child Trafficking (available in French)

 

Bhutan Human Trafficking Law

Bhutan

 

 

 

2004 Penal Code (Article 154, 227, 379) (amended in 2011)

2011 Child Care and Protection Act (Article 224)

2007 Labor and Employment Act

 

Bolivia Human Trafficking Law

Bolivia

 

 

 

2012 Law 263 (available in Spanish)

 

Bosnia and Herzegovina Human Trafficking Law

Bosnia and Herzegovina

 

 

 

2003 Criminal Code (as amended in 2016) (Articles 210a, 210b) (available in Bosnian)

 

Botswana Human Trafficking Law

Botswana

 

 

 

2014 Anti-Human Trafficking Act

2009 Children’s Act

 

Brazil Human Trafficking Law

Brazil

 

 

 

2016 Law 13.344 (available in Portuguese)

1940 Penal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 149, 231, 231-A) (available in Portuguese)

 

Brunei Human Trafficking Law

Brunei Darussalam

 

 

 

2004 Trafficking and Smuggling Persons Order

 

Bulgaria Human Trafficking Law

Bulgaria

 

 

 

1968 Penal Code (as amended in 2014) (Article 159) (available in Bulgarian)

2003 Combating Trafficking in Human Beings Act

 

Burkina Faso Human Trafficking Law

Burkina Faso

 

 

 

2015 Law No. 061-2015/CNT Law on the Prevention and Repression of Violence Against Women and Girls and Support for Victims (available in French)

2014 Law No. 011-2014/AN Law Suppressing the Sale of Children, the Prostitution of Children, and Child Pornography

2008 Law No. 029/AN on the Fight against Trafficking in Persons and Similar Practices

 

Burma Human Trafficking Law

Burma

 

 

 

2005 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Law

2012 Wards and Village Tracts Administration Act

1861 Penal Code (Section 374)

 

Burundi Human Trafficking Law

Burundi

 

 

 

2014 Anti-Trafficking Law (available in French)

1981 Criminal Code (as amended in 2009) (Articles 242, 243) (available in French)

1993 Labor Law (Article 2) (available in French)

 

Cabo Verde Human Trafficking Law

Cabo Verde

 

 

 

2003 Penal Code (as amended in 2015) (Articles 148, 149, 271, 271A)

2007 Labor Code (Article 14) (available in Portuguese)

 

Cambodia Human Trafficking Law

Cambodia

 

 

 

2008 Law on the Suppression of Human Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation

 


Cameroon Human Trafficking Law

Cameroon

 

 

 

2016 Penal Code (Section 432-1)  (Available in English and French; the two versions define “trafficking in persons” differently)

 

Canada Human Trafficking Law

Canada

 

 

 

1995 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Section 279.01, 279.02, 279.03)

2001 Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (as amended in 2017) (Section 118)

 

CAR Human Trafficking Law

Central African Republic

 

 

 

2010 Penal Code (Article 151)

2009 Labor Code (Articles 7,8) (available in French)

 

Chad Human Trafficking Law

Chad

 

 

 

1996 Constitution (Article 20)

1996 Labor Code (Title 5) (Available in French)

1967 Penal Code (Articles 279, 280) (2016 amendments forthcoming)

 

Chile Human Trafficking Law

Chile

 

 

 

2011 Law 20.507 (available in Spanish)

1874 Penal Code (as amended in 2017) (Article 367) (available in Spanish)

 

China Human Trafficking Law

China

 

 

 

1979 Criminal Code (as amended in 2007) (Articles 240, 241, 244, 358, 359)

 

Colombia Human Trafficking Law

Colombia

 

 

 

2005 Law 985 (Article 141, 188, 188A, 188B) (available in Spanish)

 

Comoros Human Trafficking Law

Comoros

 

 

 

2015 Law Countering Child Labor and Trafficking in Children (Article 6)

1981 Penal Code (as amended in 1995) (Articles 310, 311, 323, 333) (available in French) (2014 amendments pending)

1984 Labor Code (as amended in 2012) (Article 2) (1984 Code available in French; 2012 Amendments available in French)

 

DRC Human Trafficking Law

Democratic Republic of the Congo

 

 

 

2009 Law 09/001 Child Protection Code (available in French)

2006 Law 6/018 (Sexual Violence Statute) (available in French)

 

Congo Human Trafficking Law

Republic of the Congo

 

 

 

2015 (draft anti-trafficking legislation pending)

2010 Child Protection Code (Article 60, Chapter 2)

2002 Labor Code (Article 4)

 

Costa Rica Human Trafficking Law

Costa Rica

 

 

 

2012 Law 9095 (available in Spanish)

1970 Criminal Code (as amended in 2010) (Articles 170, 171, 172, 189) (available in Spanish)

 

Cote dIvoire Human Trafficking Law

Cote d’Ivoire

 

 

 

2016 Law No. 2016-1111 Relating to the Fight Against Trafficking in Persons (Available in French)

2010 Law No. 2010-272 Pertaining to the Prohibition of Child Trafficking and the Worst Forms of Child Labor

1981 Penal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 335, 336, 376, 378) (Available in French)

 

Croatia Human Trafficking Law

Croatia

 

 

 

1997 Criminal Code (as amended in 2011) (Articles 105, 106) (Available in Croatian)

 

Cuba Human Trafficking Law

Cuba

 

 

 

1987 Penal Code (as amended in 2009) (Articles 299.1, 300.1, 303, 310.1, 312.1, 316.1) [unofficial translation – source: Lawyers Without Borders UK]

2014 Labor Code (Article 116)


Curacao Human Trafficking Law

Curacao

 

 

 

2011 Criminal Code (Article 2:239)

 

Cyprus Human Trafficking Law

Cyprus

 

 

 

2014 Law 60(I)

 

Czech Republic Human Trafficking Law

Czech Republic

 

 

 

2009 Criminal Code (Section 168) (amended in 2014)

 

Denmark Human Trafficking Law

Denmark

 

 

 

1930 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Section 262a)

 


Djibouti Human Trafficking Law

Djibouti

 

 

 

2016 Law 133 On the Fight Against Trafficking in Persons and Illicit Smuggling of Migrants (available in French)

2011 Law 111 Regarding the Fight Against Terrorism and Other Serious Crimes (available in French)

 

Dominica

 

 

 

2013 Act 13 Transnational Organized Crime (Prevention and Control) Act (Part III, Section 8)

 

Dominican Republic Human Trafficking Law

Dominican Republic

 

 

 

2003 Law 137-03 (available in Spanish)

2003 Law 136-03 Code for the Protection and Fundamental Rights of Children and Adolescents (Article 25) (Available in Spanish)

1884 Penal Code (as amended in 2007) (Article 334) (available in Spanish)

 

Ecuador Human Trafficking Law

Ecuador

 

 

 

2014 Penal Code (Articles 91, 100, 101, 102, 105) (available in Spanish)

2003 Children and Adolescents Code (Articles 69, 70, 81, 91) (available in Spanish)

 

Egypt Human Trafficking Law

Egypt

 

 

 

2014 Constitution (Articles 80, 89) source Constitute

2010 Law No. 64 (Anti-Trafficking Law)

2008 Law No. 126 (Child Law)

 

El Salvador Human Trafficking Law

El Salvador

 

 

 

2014 Special Law against Trafficking in Persons (available in Spanish)

1997 Penal Code (as amended in 2017) (Article 367B) (available in Spanish)

 

Equatorial Guinea Human Trafficking Law

Equatorial Guinea

 

 

 

2004 Law on the Smuggling of Migrants and Trafficking in Persons

 

Eritrea Human Trafficking Law

Eritrea

 

 

 

2015 Penal Code (Articles 315, 316, 317, 318, 391)

1957 Penal Code (Articles 565, 605)

2001 Labor Proclamation 118

 

Estonia Human Trafficking Law

Estonia

 

 

 

2001 Penal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 133, 175)

 

Ethiopia Human Trafficking Law

Ethiopia

 

 

 

2015 Proclamation No. 909/2015, To Provide for the Prevention and Suppression of Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling Migrants (available in English and Amharic)

2009 Proclamation No. 632/2009 of 2009, Employment Exchange Services Proclamation (available in English and Amharic)

 

Fiji Human Trafficking Law

Fiji

 

 

 

2009 Crimes Decree

 

Finland Human Trafficking Law

Finland

 

 

 

1894 Penal Code Law 1889-39 (as amended in 2015)

 

France Human Trafficking Law

France

 

 

 

1992 Penal Code (as amended in 2016) (Article 225-4) (available in French)

 

Gabon Human Trafficking Law

Gabon

 

 

 

2004 Law 09/04 Concerning the Prevention and the Fight Against the Trafficking of Children in the Gabonese Republic (available in French) (2013 Draft Amendment pending)

1963 Penal Code (Articles 48, 261)

1994 Law 21/63-94

1994 Law 3/94 Labor Code (Title 1, Article 4) (available in French)

 

Gambia Human Trafficking Law

The Gambia

 

 

 

2007 Trafficking in Persons Act (2010 amendment)

2005 Children’s Act

2003 Tourism Offenses Act

 

Georgia Human Trafficking Law

Georgia

 

 

 

2006 Law on Combating Trafficking in Persons

1999 Criminal Code (as amended in 2016) (Article 143)

 

Germany Human Trafficking Law

Germany

 

 

 

2016 Act to improve the fight against Human Trafficking and to amend the Federal Central Register Law as well as the Eighth Book of the Social Code (available in German)

1971 Penal Code (as amended in 2013) (Sections 232, 233)

 

Ghana Human Trafficking Law

Ghana

 

 

 

2009 Act 784 Human Trafficking (Amendment) Act

2005 Human Trafficking Act

 

Greece Human Trafficking Law

Greece

 

 

 

2013 Law 4198/2013 (available in Greek)

2003 Presidential Decree 233/2003

2002 Law 3064/2002

 

Grenada Human Trafficking Law

Grenada

 

 

 

2014 Anti-Human Trafficking Act

 

Guatemala Human Trafficking Law

Guatemala

 

 

 

2009 Anti-Trafficking Law (available in Spanish)

 

Guinea Human Trafficking Law

Guinea

 

 

 

2016 Penal Code (Articles 323) (available in French)

2010 Child Code (Articles 385-396)

 

Guinea Bissau Human Trafficking Law

Guinea-Bissau

 

 

 

2011 Public Law 12/2011 (available in Portuguese)

2009 Child Code

 

Guyana Human Trafficking Law

Guyana

 

 

 

2005 Combating Trafficking of Persons Act

 

Haiti Human Trafficking Law

Haiti

 

 

 

2014 Law No. CL/2014-0010

 

Honduras Human Trafficking Law

Honduras

 

 

 

2012 Decree 59-2012 (Anti-Trafficking Law) (available in Spanish)

 

Hong Kong Human Trafficking Law

Hong Kong

 

 

 

1971 Crimes Ordinance (as amended in 2014) (Section 129, 130, 131)

2013 Prosecution Code (Section 18.1)

 

Hungary Human Trafficking Law

Hungary

 

 

 

2013 Criminal Code (Article 192, 192(3), 193, 203)

 

Iceland Human Trafficking Law

Iceland

 

 

 

1940 Criminal Code (as amended in 2015) (Article 227a)

 

India Human Trafficking Law

India

 

 

 

1860 Penal Code (Section 370) (Criminal Law Amendment Act 2013)

2016 The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act

2015 Secluded Castes and the Secluded Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act

2015 The Juvenile Justice Act

1976 The Bonded Labor System (Abolition) Act 

1956 The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act

 

Indonesia Human Trafficking Law

Indonesia

 

 

 

2007 Law 21-2007 (Anti-Trafficking Law)

2014 Child Protection Law (available in Bahasa Indonesia)

 

Iran Human Trafficking Law

Iran

 

 

 

2004 Law on Combating Human Trafficking (available in Persian)

 

Iraq Human Trafficking Law

Iraq

 

 

 

2012 Anti-Trafficking Law

 

Ireland Human Trafficking Law

Ireland

 

 

 

2013 Criminal Law (Human Trafficking) Amendment 

2008 Criminal Law (Human Trafficking) Act

2015 Criminal Law (Sexual Offenses) Bill

 

Israel Human Trafficking Law

Israel

 

 

 

2006 Anti-Trafficking Law

 

Italy Human Trafficking Law

Italy

 

 

 

2003 Measures Against Trafficking in Persons Law

 

Jamaica Human Trafficking Law

Jamaica

 

 

 

2007 Trafficking in Persons (Prevention, Suppression and Punishment) Act (2013 Amendment)

2014 Criminal Justice Act

 

Japan Human Trafficking Law

Japan

 

 

 

1907 Penal Code (as amended in 2006) (Articles 226-2, 227)

1956 Prostitution Prevention Law (Articles 7, 10, 12)

1947 Labor Standards Act (as amended in 2008) (Article 5)

1947 Employment Security Law (as amended in 2007) (Article 63)

1947 Child Welfare Law (Amended 2007) (available in Japanese)

 

Jordan Human Trafficking Law

Jordan

 

 

 

2009 Anti-Human Trafficking Law

 

Kazakhstan Human Trafficking Law

Kazakhstan

 

 

 

1997 Penal Code (as amended in 2016) (Articles 68, 128, 135, 125 (3b), 126 (3b), 308, 134) (available in Kazakh)

 

Kenya Human Trafficking Law

Kenya

 

 

 

2010 Counter-Trafficking in Persons Act

2014 Victim Protection Act

2006 Sexual Offenses Act

 

KiribatiKiribati Human Trafficking Law

 

 

 

2008 Act to Amend The Measures to Combat Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime Act 2005

2005 Measures to Combat Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime Act

 

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

 

 

 

No information available.

 

Republic of Korea Human Trafficking Law

Republic of Korea

 

 

 

1953 Criminal Code (as amended in 2013) (Chapter 31)

2004 Act on the Punishment of Acts of Arranging Sexual Traffic

2011 Act on the Protection of Children and Juveniles from Sexual Abuse

1997 Labor Standards Act

 

Kosovo Human Trafficking Law

Kosovo

 

 

 

2002 Criminal Code (Article 169, 171, 231)

 

Kuwait Human Trafficking Law

Kuwait

 

 

 

2013 Law 91/2013 Combating Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants

2010 New Private Sector Labour Law No. 6 (amended in 2016)

 

Kyrgyz Republic Human Trafficking Law

Kyrgyz Republic

 

 

 

1997 Criminal Code (Articles 124, 260, 261) (amended in 2016)

2012 Code on Children (Article 15)

 

Laos Human Trafficking Law

Laos

 

 

 

2015 Anti-Trafficking Law (Article 134) (available in Lao)

 

Latvia Human Trafficking Law

Latvia

 

 

 

1998 Criminal Code (as amended in 2013) (Sections 154-1, 154-2)

 

Lebanon Human Trafficking Law

Lebanon

 

 

 

2011 Law Number 164 (Anti-Trafficking Law)

 

Lesotho Human Trafficking Law

Lesotho

 

 

 

2011 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act

2011 Children’s Protection and Welfare Act (Article 67)

 

Liberia Human Trafficking Law

Liberia

 

 

 

2005 Act to Ban Trafficking in Persons

 

Libya Human Trafficking Law

Libya

 

 

 

1953 Penal Code (as amended in 2014) (available in Arabic)

 

Lithuania Human Trafficking Law

Lithuania

 

 

 

2000 Criminal Code (as amended in 2010) (Articles 147, 157)

 

Luxembourg Human Trafficking Law

Luxembourg

 

 

 

1879 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 382-1, 382-2) (available in French)

 

Macau Human Trafficking Law

Macau

 

 

 

2008 Law Number 6/2008

 

Macedonia Human Trafficking Law

Macedonia

 

 

 

1996 Criminal Code (as amended in 2013) (Articles 418-a, 418-d) (available in Macedonian)

 

Madagascar Human Trafficking Law

Madagascar

 

 

 

2014 Law No. 2014-040 (available in French)

2007 Anti-Trafficking Law 2007-038

 

Malawi Human Trafficking Law

Malawi

 

 

 

2015 Anti-Trafficking Law

 

Malaysia Human Trafficking Law

Malaysia

 

 

 

2007 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act (as amended in 2015)

 

Maldives Human Trafficking Law

Maldives

 

 

 

2013 Prevention of Human Trafficking Act (Articles 14, 15)

 

Mali Human Trafficking Law

Mali

 

 

 

2012 Law 2012-023 Relating to the Combat against Trafficking in Persons and Similar Practices (available in French)

 

Malta Human Trafficking Law

Malta

 

 

 

1854 Criminal Code (as amended in 2016) (Article 248A-G)

 

Marshall Islands Human Trafficking Law

Marshall Islands

 

 

 

2017 Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons Act

 

Mauritania Human Trafficking Law

Mauritania

 

 

 

2015 Anti-Slavery Law (available in French)

2003 Law On Suppression of Trafficking in Persons No. 025

 

Mauritius Human Trafficking Law

Mauritius

 

 

 

2009 Combating of Trafficking in Persons Act

2008 Judicial Provisions Act

2005 Child Protection Act

 

Mexico Human Trafficking Law

Mexico

 

 

 

2012 Anti-Trafficking Law (available in Spanish)

 

Micronesia Human Trafficking Law

Micronesia

 

 

 

2012 Anti-Trafficking Law

 

Moldova Human Trafficking Law

Moldova

 

 

 

2002 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 165, 168, 206) (available in Romanian)

 

Mongolia Human Trafficking Law

Mongolia

 

 

 

2002 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 113, 124, 168) (available in Mongolian)

 

Montenegro Human Trafficking Law

Montenegro

 

 

 

2003 Criminal Code (as amended in 2004) (Article 444)

 

Morocco Human Trafficking Law

Morocco

 

 

 

2016 Anti-Human Trafficking Law (Law 27.14)

1962 Penal Code (as amended in 2004) (Article 467-2, 497-499) (available in Arabic and in French)

2003 Labor Code (Article 10) (available in French)

 

Mozambique Human Trafficking Law

Mozambique

 

 

 

2008 Law on Preventing and Combating the Trafficking of People

2014 Penal Code

 

Namibia Human Trafficking Law

Namibia

 

 

 

2015 Child Care and Protection Act

2009 Prevention of Organized Crime Act

 

Nepal Human Trafficking Law

Nepal

 

 

 

2007 Human Trafficking and Transportation (Control) Act

2002 Bonded Labor (Prohibition) Act

2000 Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act


Netherlands Human Trafficking Law

Netherlands

 

 

 

1881 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Article 273f) (available in Dutch)

 

New Zealand Human Trafficking Law

New Zealand

 

 

 

1961 Crimes Act (Article 98)

 

Nicaragua Human Trafficking Law

Nicaragua

 

 

 

2015 Law No.896 Against Human Trafficking (available in Spanish)

 

Niger Human Trafficking Law

Niger

 

 

 

2010 Order No. 2012-86 on Combating Trafficking in Persons

1961 Penal Code (as amended in 2003) (Articles 270, 293, 181) (available in French)

2012 Labor Code (available in French)

 

Nigeria Human Trafficking Law

Nigeria

 

 

 

2013 Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition), Enforcement and Administration Act (as amended in 2015)

 

Northern Ireland

 

 

 

2015 Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Criminal Justice and Support for Victims) Act (Northern Ireland)

 

Norway Human Trafficking Law

Norway

 

 

 

1902 Penal Code (amended 2015) (Sections 257, 258)

 

Oman Human Trafficking Law

Oman

 

 

 

2008 Royal Decree No. 126/2008 (Law Combating Trafficking in Persons)

2014 Sultani Decree No. 22/2014 Promulgating the Child Law (available in Arabic)

 

Pakistan Human Trafficking Law

Pakistan

 

 

 

1860 Penal Code (as amended in 2016) (Section 369A)

2002 Prevention and Control of Human Trafficking Ordinance

1992 Bonded Labor System (Abolition) Act (BLSA)

 

Palau Human Trafficking Law

Palau

 

 

 

2005 Anti-Smuggling and Trafficking Act

 

Panama Human Trafficking Law

Panama

 

 

 

2011 Law 79 (available in Spanish)

2007 Penal Code (as amended in 2015) (Articles 180, 186) (available in Spanish)

 

Papua New Guinea Human Trafficking Law

Papua New Guinea

 

 

 

2013 Criminal Code Amendment Act of 2013

 

Paraguay Human Trafficking Law

Paraguay

 

 

 

2012 Law 4788 Comprehensive Anti-Trafficking Law (available in Spanish)

 

Peru Human Trafficking Law

Peru

 

 

 

1991 Penal Code (as amended in 2016) (Article 153)  (available in Spanish)

 

Philippines Human Trafficking Law

Philippines

 

 

 

2003 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act

2012 Expanded Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act

 

Poland Human Trafficking Law

Poland

 

 

 

1997 Criminal Code (as amended in 2016)(Articles 115.22, 115.23, 189a, 203, 204.3) (available in Polish)

 

Portugal Human Trafficking Law

Portugal

 

 

 

1982 Penal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 159, 160, 169, 175) (available in Portuguese)

2003 Labor Code (as amended in 2017) (available in Portuguese)

 

Qatar Human Trafficking Law

Qatar

 

 

 

2011 Anti-Trafficking Law

 

Romania Human Trafficking Law

Romania

 

 

 

2009 Criminal Code (as amended in 2012) (Article 210, 211, 367)


Russia Human Trafficking Law

Russia

 

 

 

1996 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 127.1, 127.2) (available in Russian)

 

Rwanda Human Trafficking Law

Rwanda

 

 

 

2012 Penal Code (Chapter 8)

2012 Law Relating to the Rights and Protection of the Child (article 51)

 

Saint Lucia Human Trafficking Law

St. Lucia

 

 

 

2010 Counter-Trafficking Act

 

St Maarten Human Trafficking Law

St. Maarten

 

 

 

2012 Penal Code (Articles 2:239-245)

 

St Vincent Grenadines Human Trafficking Law

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

 

 

 

2011 Prevention of Trafficking in Persons Act

 

Saudi Arabia Human Trafficking Law

Saudi Arabia

 

 

 

2009 Suppression of the Trafficking in Persons Act (Royal Decree M/40) [translation – source: Protection Project]

 

Scotland Human Trafficking LawScotland

 

 

 

2015 Human Trafficking and Exploitation Bill

 

Senegal Human Trafficking Law

Senegal

 

 

 

2005 Law to Combat Trafficking in Persons and Related Practices and to Protect Victims

 

Serbia Human Trafficking Law

Serbia

 

 

 

2005 Criminal Code (as amended in 2016) (Articles 388, 390) (available in Serbian)

 

Seychelles Human Trafficking Law

Seychelles

 

 

 

2014 Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons Act

1955 Penal Code (as amended in 2012) (Sections 259, 251)

 

Sierra Leone Human Trafficking Law

Sierra Leone

 

 

 

2005 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act

2012 Sexual Offenses Act

2007 Child Rights Act 

1956 Laws of Sierra Leone (Chapter 215)

 

Singapore Human Trafficking Law

Singapore

 

 

 

2014 Prevention of Human Trafficking Act

1961 Women’s Charter (as amended in 2016) (Articles 140, 141)


Slovak Republic Human Trafficking Law

Slovak Republic

 

 

 

2005 Criminal Code (as amended in 2017) (Section 179) (available in Slovak)

 

Slovenia Human Trafficking Law

Slovenia

 

 

 

2008 Criminal Code (as amended in 2012) (Articles 112, 113, 175) (available in Slovenian)

 

Solomon Islands Human Trafficking Law

Solomon Islands

 

 

 

2012 Immigration Act

2016 Penal Code (Amendment) (Sexual Offences) Bill (Article 143)

 

Somalia Human Trafficking Law

Somalia

 

 

 

Penal Code (Articles 408 (1), 455, 457, 464)

 

South Africa Human Trafficking Law

South Africa

 

 

 

2013 Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Act

2007 Sexual Offenses Act (as amended in 2013) (2014 Amendment)

2005 Children’s Act (2016 Amendments Acts 17, 18)

1998 Prevention of Organized Crime Act (as amended in 2007)

1997 Basic Conditions of Employment Act (as amended in 2014)

 

South Sudan Human Trafficking Law

South Sudan

 

 

 

2008 Penal Code (Articles 258, 276, 278, 279, 282)

2008 Child Act

 

Spain Human Trafficking Law

Spain

 

 

 

1995 Criminal Code (as amended in 2015) (Article 177 bis) (available in Spanish)

 

Sri Lanka Human Trafficking Law

Sri Lanka

 

 

 

2005 Convention on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution Act No. 30

1883 Penal Code (as amended in 2006) (Article 360 (C), 360 (A))

 

Sudan Human Trafficking Law

Sudan

 

 

 

2014 Combatting of Human Trafficking Act

 

Suriname Human Trafficking Law

Suriname

 

 

 

1911 Criminal Code (as amended in 2015) (available in Dutch)

 

Swaziland Human Trafficking Law

Swaziland

 

 

 

2009 People Trafficking and People Smuggling (Prohibition) Act

 

Sweden Human Trafficking Law

Sweden

 

 

 

2002 Anti-Trafficking Law

 

Switzerland Human Trafficking Law

Switzerland

 

 

 

1937 Penal Code (as amended in 2017) (Articles 180, 181, 182, 195, 196)

 

Syria Human Trafficking Law

Syria

 

 

 

2013 Law No. 11/2013 (available in Arabic)

2011 Decree No. 3/2011

 

Taiwan Human Trafficking Law

Taiwan

 

 

 

2009 Human Trafficking Prevention and Control Act

 

Tajikistan Human Trafficking Law

Tajikistan

 

 

 

1998 Criminal Code (as amended in 2011) (Articles 130.1, 130.2, 132, 167, 241.2)

 

Tanzania Human Trafficking Law

Tanzania

 

 

 

2008 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act

 

Thailand Human Trafficking Law

Thailand

 

 

 

2016 Beggar Control Act (available in Thai)

2008 Anti-Trafficking Law

 

Timor Leste Human Trafficking Law

Timor-Leste

 

 

 

2017 Law on Preventing and Combating Human Trafficking

2009 Penal Code (Article 163, 164)

 

Togo Human Trafficking Law

Togo

 

 

 

Penal Code (as amended in 2015) (Articles 317-320) (available in French)

2006 Labor Code (Article 4) (available in French)

2007 Child Code (available in French)

2005 Law Related to Child Trafficking (available in French)

 

Tonga Human Trafficking Law

Tonga

 

 

 

2013 Counter Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime Act

 

Trinidad and Tobago Human Trafficking Law

Trinidad and Tobago

 

 

 

2011 Trafficking in Persons Act

 

Tunisia Human Trafficking Law

Tunisia

 

 

 

2016 Law No. 61 Relating to the Prevention and the Fight Against Human Trafficking (available in French)

1913 Penal Code (as amended in 2012) (available in French)

 

Turkey Human Trafficking Law

Turkey

 

 

 

2004 Criminal Code (as amended in 2016) (Articles 80, 227(1))

 

Turkmenistan Human Trafficking Law

Turkmenistan

 

 

 

2016 Anti-Trafficking Law

1997 Criminal Code (as amended in 2016) (Article 129, 129 (1))

 

Uganda Human Trafficking Law

Uganda

 

 

 

2009 Prevention of Trafficking in Persons Act

2016 Children (Amendment) Act

 

Ukraine Human Trafficking Law

Ukraine

 

 

 

2001 Criminal Code (as amended in 2010) (Article 149)

 

UAE Human Trafficking Law

United Arab Emirates

 

 

 

2006 Federal Law Number 51

 

UK Human Trafficking Law

United Kingdom

 

 

 

2015 Modern Slavery Act

For information on the laws of Northern Ireland and Scotland, please see the individual entries for these countries.

 

USA Human Trafficking Law

United States

 

 

 

2000 Trafficking Victims Protection Act

Reauthorized 2003     2005     2008     2013

2012 Executive Order – Strengthening Protections Against Trafficking in Persons in Federal Contracts

 

Uruguay Human Trafficking Law

Uruguay

 

 

 

2008 Immigration Law (Articles 78, 79, 81) (available in Spanish)

1967 Penal Code (as amended in 2014) (Articles 280, 281) (available in Spanish)

2004 Sexual Violence Law No. 17.815 (available in Spanish)

1927 Law No. 8.080 (available in Spanish)

 

Uzbekistan Human Trafficking Law

Uzbekistan

 

 

 

1994 Criminal Code  (as amended in 2002) (Article 135)

 

Venezuela Human Trafficking Law

Venezuela

 

 

 

2007 Law on Women’s Rights (available in Spanish)

2005 Law on Organized Crime (as amended in 2012)  (available in Spanish)

 

Vietnam Human Trafficking Law

Vietnam

 

 

 

1999 Penal Code (as amended in 2015) (Articles 119, 120, 150, 151)

 

Yemen Human Trafficking Law

Yemen

 

 

 

1994 Penal Code (Article 248)

2002 Child Rights Law (Article 161)

 

Zambia Human Trafficking Law

Zambia

 

 

 

2008 Anti-Trafficking Act

 

Zimbabwe Human Trafficking Law

Zimbabwe

 

 

 

2014 Trafficking in Persons Act

2015 Labour Relations Amendment Act

2004 Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act  (as amended in 2009)

 

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